Automated backups to external disk

I remember somebody asking how to do this on the CLUG lists a while back. But here’s the problem:

You’ve got an automated backup system, but you want offsite backups. DVDs are too small, external hard drives are the only option. You want the user to be able to plug in the firewire disk, have the backup start automatically, and let them know when it’s done.

Here’s how I implemented it:

The backups are implemented with backup-manager, they backup into /mnt/backup-tmp/

The external hard drive connects by firewire. Running udevinfo -a -p /sys/block/sdd on it showed me it’s ID:


I created this UDEV rule file /etc/udev/rules.d/local-backup.rules:

ATTRS{ieee1394_id}=="0090a9787b339de6:1:0", SYMLINK="backupdisk", RUN+="/usr/local/sbin/backup-to-external.sh"

And the relevant fstab entry:

/dev/backupdisk /mnt/backup-disk vfat   sync                    0       0

And the backup script /usr/local/sbin/backup-to-external.sh:

#!/bin/sh -e


logger "Backup disk detected"

# Test for expired locks
if [ -e "$LOCKFILE" ]; then
  if ! kill -0 `cat "$LOCKFILE"`; then
    rm "$LOCKFILE"

lockfile -r0 "$LOCKFILE"
echo $$ > "$LOCKFILE"

sleep 5s

logger "Backup to external begun"

mount /mnt/backup-disk
rsync -a /mnt/backup-tmp/ /mnt/backup-disk/
umount /mnt/backup-disk

beep -l 1000 -f 3000 -r 5
echo -e "You can disconnect the disk now.\nThank you.\n\nThe backup System." | mail -s "Backup completed" the-secretary@email.address

logger "Backup to external completed"
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