Quick post. If you have multiple IP addresses (i.e. a range) assigned to you server, and you want to listen on all of them (i.e. multiple SSL sites), then rather than using the ancient eth0:1 syntax, you can hack
/etc/network/interfaces to use iproute2 properly.
Assuming the IP 10.2.3.4, with the extra range of 10.5.4.110-10.5.4.118 (yes these extra ranges often ignore class-boundries):
Yes, it’s ugly as shit, but I can’t think of a neater way to do it.
Update: Better solution
I remember somebody asking how to do this on the CLUG lists a while back. But here’s the problem:
You’ve got an automated backup system, but you want offsite backups. DVDs are too small, external hard drives are the only option. You want the user to be able to plug in the firewire disk, have the backup start automatically, and let them know when it’s done.
Here’s how I implemented it:
The backups are implemented with backup-manager, they backup into
The external hard drive connects by firewire. Running
udevinfo -a -p /sys/block/sdd on it showed me it’s ID:
I created this UDEV rule file
And the relevant fstab entry:
And the backup script
I’ve just discovered memdisk. It’s part of the
syslinux package on Debian/Ubuntu, and hides in
Memdisk lets you boot a floppy image, via grub or pxelinux. In this modern era of computers without floppy drives, it means you can do BIOS updates without having to go through the whole procedure of turning a floppy image into a bootable CD.
In PXELINUX, the config file would look like this:
In Grub, like this:
Thanks ThinkWiki for the idea.
Caveat emptor: apparently some flash tools don’t like memdisk, so YMMV
The preferred way to do this is with IMAP Namespaces. My natural approach would be to create something like a Maildir tree
/srv/mail/shared, and make this the “public” namespace. Then set filesystem permissions on subtrees of that, to define who can see what. Unfortunately, dovecot uses strict Maildir++, and won’t let you create mailboxes inside each other (on the filesystem)
/Foo/Bar is stored as a Maildir called
.Foo.Bar, so subtrees don’t exist, so this isn’t an option. The up-comming dbox format should allow something like this, but it isn’t usable yet.
My solution was to create multiple namespaces. One for each shared mailbox. Users are given permission to use them via file-system permissions (i.e. group membership), example:
INDEX mean that dovecot’s metadata is stored in the user’s personal Maildir, so users who don’t have permission to see the shared mailbox don’t get errors.
The permissions of the mailbox should be done as follows:
If you want a common subscription list, you have to manually symlink:
Seems to work well. (at least with thunderbird)
I’ve just spent a few hours brain-haemorrhaging over why my new Postfix server wasn’t allowing me to enter “RCPT TO:” over a STARTTLS connection. Instead it would renegotiate the TLS.
Eventually I found an e-mail by Wietse Venema saying:
Victor Duchovni: > On Mon, Jan 22, 2007 at 04:31:12PM -0500, Wietse Venema wrote: > > RCPT TO:<postmaster> > > RENEGOTIATING > > You got bit by the "s_client" "R" feature... try "rcpt to:" lower case, > then it hangs up. What utter brain damage, a non-transparent SSL client program.
Read this and be warned — we are all stupid, in the eyes of the truly mad